TAMSAT* enhances the capacity of African meteorological agencies and other organizations by providing and supporting the use of satellite-based rainfall estimates and related data products.
TAMSAT produces daily rainfall estimates for all of Africa at 4km resolution. The TAMSAT archive spans 1983 to the delayed present. The longevity of the dataset makes it especially suitable for risk assessment. Applications of the data include famine early warning, drought insurance and agricultural decision support.
Rainfall estimates and other TAMSAT products are issued on the 1st, 6th, 11th, 16th, 21st, and 26th of the month. All TAMSAT data are released for operational, research and commercial use under a creative commons license.
TAMSAT was established by the University of Reading in 1977. In the last three years, the group has developed close collaborations with the Climate Division of the National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS) and the National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO) to extend the range of climate services it provides. These collaborations are supporting the development of new datasets and other products, including rainfall estimate uncertainties, full column soil moisture, and probabilistic forecasts of drought.
*TAMSAT stands for Tropical Applications of Meteorology using SATellite data and ground-based observations.
The publications of record for the TAMSAT dataset are:
Maidment, R. I., D. Grimes, E. Black, E. Tarnavsky, M. Young, H. Greatrex, R. P. Allan et al. (2017) A new, long-term daily satellite-based rainfall dataset for operational monitoring in Africa Nature Scientific Data 4: 170063 DOI:10.1038/sdata.2017.63.
Tarnavsky, E., Grimes, D., Maidment, R., Black, E., Allan, R., Stringer, M., Chadwick, R. and Kayitakire, F., (2014). Extension of the TAMSAT Satellite-based Rainfall Monitoring over Africa and from 1983 to present. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53(12): 2805-2822. DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-14-0016.1.
Maidment, R., Grimes, D., Allan, R., Tarnavsky, E., Stringer, M., Hewison, T., Roebeling, R., and Black, E. (2014). The 30-year TAMSAT African Rainfall Climatology and Time-series (TARCAT) Data Set. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119:10,619-10,644. DOI: 10.1002/2014JD021927.
Details of the methodology for TAMSAT version 3 (released in January 2017) are provided in this draft technical report.